Malignant Melanoma is actually rare in the oral cavity, only 1% of all melanoma. But the disease can be fatal. If had develop into advanced, malignancy or malignancy can be life threatening. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment is helpful to prevent the disease is to travel a more severe level.
What Truly Malignant Melanoma?
Melanoma is a skin cancer, which occurs in the pigment-producing cells of the skin, namely melanocytes. Under normal circumstances, the melanocytes are on the outer layer of the skin and produce the brown pigment melanin that is. There is the most number of melanocytes in the skin of the face. But melanoma can also arise in the oral cavity, called Oral Melanoma.
Melanoma occurs when melanocytes divide uncontrollably and invade other tissues (attack). If not cared for rush, melanoma can grow enters the skin tissue that eventually reach the blood vessels and lymph vessels, and spread throughout the body (metastasis). That's when melanomas can lead to death.
How do the Characteristics of Oral Malignant Melanoma?
Oral Melanoma (melanoma arising in the oral cavity) can be seen as the pigmentation, without pain or symptoms (asymptomatic), the brown pigmentation usually dark or black at area of intraoral (inside the mouth). The lesions normally arise in solitary or unit, but never also reported multiple lesions.
An example of the case as found and handled by Mustafa Goregen from Ataturk University, Turkey. His patient's wearing full upper jaw dentures for 20 years. Behind the teeth produced an enlarged lesions arise quickly, solitary, and painless.
The most common place is palate and Mucosa (soft tissues) in the upper jaw. Melanoma may metastasize to the mandible, tongue, and the inside of the cheek.
Characters that should be suspected when Melanoma arises on the skin are:
The lesions usually are not symmetrical, where one side is not the same size and shape than the other side. Unlike moles that have not experienced violence, usually round in shape and symmetrical.
The boundary is not clear/irregular
The lesions are usually not obvious with the surrounding skin is unbounded, or uneven edges.
Melanoma usually does not arise in one color, but rather a composite of several colors in some parts. For example one side colored bluish or brownish, blackish-colored on the other.
Normal moles are not enlarged; however the size of the melanoma continues to grow. Added the size usually runs quickly.
What Causes the Onset of Oral Melanoma?
Until now, the cause is not yet known for sure. But there are factors that are often associated with melanoma, which can occur in any part of the skin. In between excessive sun exposure or the presence of history often sunburned, especially from now on. The risk of melanoma can also be inherited from parents. White skinned people more at risk exposed to this violence. So are people with lots of moles, totaling 50 more in the body, are more at risk of suffering from melanoma.
But melanoma also occur on parts of the body are not exposed to the Sun such as the oral cavity. Oral melanoma reported related to mechanical trauma (as reported in the above case). Mechanical trauma can be caused due to ill-fitting dentures. It also reported the existence of a relationship between oral malignant melanoma with cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption and irritation because oral appliance to another. Benign moles that can also be transformed into maligna (malignant).
Examination of supporting what it takes to help the diagnosis?
Diagnostic imaging technique such as x-ray, CT-Scan, MRI and positron emission tomography (PET scan) can be done to
It also needs to be biopsied tissue, where suspected cancer tissue was taken for examination under a microscope. After the diagnosis needs to be upheld, determined the extent to which melanoma is already penetrations into the network.
The deeper melanoma may have regarding blood vessels and lymph glands. Therefore also need to do a biopsy on lymph glands adjacent to the lesion.
What Care of Can be done?
Oral Melanoma can be cured with surgery, and in certain cases also can be done with radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy. But of course the success rates are higher when the treatment is carried out at an early stage.
Carefully inspection by dermatologist or doctor tremendously helps teeth to check for the presence of oral melanoma and melanoma early. Beware of changes in the body and check with your doctor immediately.