Thursday, November 15, 2018

Know More Skin Cancer and How to Treat it

Know More Skin Cancer and How to Treat it

Skin cancer is by far the most common type of cancer afflicting people. This cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the skin often develops on skin exposed to the Sun. But it could just be the cancer appears in the skin areas that are usually not exposed to sunlight.

If you suffer from skin cancer, understand kind of what you're suffering because it affects the treatment options that are available and the level of your life expectancy. This article will help you understand more about the causes of skin cancer, traits to look out for, too, i.e. the treatment of skin cancer that is generally available.

TYPES OF SKIN CANCER

All skin cancers are serious and should be treated properly. But the type of skin cancer, treatment options, as well as his life-expectancy rates vary quite widely depending on the type of skin cell types are affected.

Main types of skin cancers including basal cell carcinoma, Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Markel cell carcinoma, and melanoma. There are also some other type which is very rare, among others:

Kaposi's Sarcoma (KS):
Caused by herpes virus, thereby also known as Kaposi's Sarcoma associated herpes virus. This cancer usually appears as sores or tumor on the skin. Tumor can also be formed in the mouth, lungs, or the gastrointestinal tract.

Most cases of KS in some countries involve patients who are infected with HIV (the cause of AIDS). But KS can also be experienced by someone whose immune system was severely disrupted.

Keratosis Actinic:
Is growth a pre cancer that can develop squamous cell carcinoma of the aspirants when left not addressed. This growth may be found in a group of skin damaged by exposure to ultraviolet light (UV).

Lymphoma in the Skin:
Is a type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma? Most cases of lymphoma exist in lymph nodes, small glands which are scattered all over the body produces T cells to fight disease and B cells, also known as lymphocytes.

But lymphoma can also develop in other lymphoid tissues including the spleen, bone marrow, and skin. This rare cancer may seem like a rash or bumps on the skin.

Keratoacanthoma:
Is the tumor that usually are benign (non-cancerous) that grows slowly and often disappear. These tumors often grow if it continues to be handled in a manner similar to that of doctor when handling squamous cell carcinoma.

CAUSES OF SKIN CANCER

Skin cancer develops when there are various errors (mutations) in DNA from skin cells. These mutations cause cells can grow out of control and form a group of mass of cancer cells.

THE CELLS INVOLVED IN SKIN CANCER

Skin cancer began in the outermost layer of your skin, namely the epidermis. The epidermis is a thin layer that provides a protective coating for skin cells to flake off regularly. The epidermis contains three main cell types:

  • Squamous cell is located just below the outer surface and serves as the inner layer of the skin.
  • Basal cells produce new skin cells, squamous cells are below.
  • Melanocytes produce melanin; the pigment that gives IE the normal skin color is located at the bottom of your epidermis. Melanocytes produce melanin more when exposed to the Sun in an effort to protect the inside layers of your skin.


The location where skin cancer starts will determine the type of cancer suffered as well as treatment options available to you.

ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT CAUSES SKIN CANCER AND OTHER

Much of the damage to the DNA in the cells of the skin caused by ultraviolet (UV) radiation in sunlight and in the rays used in the tanning bed. But sun exposure is not the cause of skin cancer on the skin which usually is not exposed to the Sun.

This shows that there are other factors that may cause skin cancer becomes, for example, exposure to toxic substances or have certain health problems that weaken your immune system.

CAUSES OF SKIN CANCER RISK FACTORS

Factors that also enlarge your chances to suffer from skin cancers, among others:

Rightly Colored Skin
Anyone, of any skin color, can suffer from skin cancer. But, having less pigment (melanin) in the skin means you have less protection from damage by UV radiation.

People who are blond or red and have a bright eye color, and easily appear spots or sores on the skin if exposed to the Sun, usually more risky exposed to skin cancer.

Once Cuts Stung The Sun
Never had a single wound blisters stung the Sun or more as a child or teenager will increase your risk for developing skin cancer as adults. Cuts sunburn as adults also increases the risk.

Too Often Subject to Sun
Anyone who's spent much time outdoors is at risk of suffering from this cancer, especially if the skin is not protected by armor or sunscreen.

The Sunny or High Places
People who live in places where the climate is warm and sunny more often exposed to the Sun. Living in a high place, where the exposure to the Sun is stronger, it also increases the exposure to UV radiation to the skin.

Moles
People who have lots of moles or moles called dysplastic abnormal nevi are at risk of suffering from skin cancer. These abnormal moles look uneven and usually larger than normal moles are more likely to turn into cancer.

A Family History of Skin Cancer Sufferers
If their parents or siblings you have ever suffered from skin cancer, it means that you become more risky miserable too.

Remember that even if you have one or more risk factors for liver cancer causes above, does not mean you will definitely suffer from the disease. There are people who have a number of risk factors above but never suffered from cancer during his lifetime. However for more secure, we recommend that you avoid any factors that could have been prevented while aware that cannot be avoided.

PREVENTION OF SKIN CANCER

Most skin cancers can be prevented. To protect you from these diseases, so some way of preventing skin cancer below.

Avoid The Sun at Midday
In some places, the most blistering rays of the Sun is between the hours of 10 am to 4 pm. Schedule outdoor activities outside these times, even though the days are cloudy, light rain, or cold air.

You absorb the UV radiation all year round, and clouds only a few give protection from the damaging rays of the Sun's radiation. Avoid sunlight blazing in time to help prevent sunburn and for prevention of skin cancer.

Diligently Applying Sunscreen

Sunscreen (sunscreen) does not filter out harmful UV radiation throughout; especially radiation can trigger cancer melanoma. But sunscreen can provide sufficient protection. Use a broad spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15.

Apply sunscreen thoroughly, and repeat every 2 hours once or more often if you're swimming or sweating a lot. Use sunscreen to all parts of the skin that is exposed to the Sun, including the lips, the tip of the ears, and the back of the arm, neck also.

Diligently Check Your Own Skin
Please check the skin more often if there is growth or unusual changes in moles, skin spots, bumps, and birthmarks. Use the mirror to check all parts of the face, neck, ears, and scalp.

Check also the upper part of the body, and the upper and lower arm and hand. Check the front and rear legs and soles of the feet, including the spaces between the toes. Also check Your genital area and between the buttocks.

SIGNS OF SKIN CANCER

Characteristics of skin cancer mainly arises in areas of sun-exposed skin, including the scalp, face, lips, ears, neck, chest, hands, and feet. Check your skin regularly to see if there are any changes or unusual growth.

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SKIN CANCER MELANOMA

Signs of melanoma are usually the new spots on the skin, or changes in size, shape, or color of a mole. The ABCDE method can help you to determine if a skin growth that is not the reasonable possibility was melanoma:
  • Asymmetry : taupe irregular shape.
  • Border : edge of a mole is not smooth but irregular or grooved.
  • Color : moles have uneven color or dark spots there.
  • Diameter: larger than the Spots the size of pencil erasers.
  • Evolving or Elevation (Develops or Obtrusive): Freckle changed in terms of size, shape, or texture.

The only way to ascertain if any of these symptoms really is a melanoma is checked with a doctor. Because the symptoms of cancer may vary, and not all melanomas develop from a mole, then it is important for every checked growth in skin that is fair to the physician experts

CHARACTERISTICS OF NON-MELANOMA SKIN CANCER

Unusual growth or cuts in the skin which failed to heal is probably an early sign of non-melanoma skin cancer. Skin cancer can initially look like a rash, or irregular blotches on the surface of the skin.

These spots can be prominent and easily out fluid or bleed. As the cancer grows, the size or shape of the growth in the skin that looks can change and cancer can grow into the deeper layers of the skin. It may be difficult to distinguish one form of skin cancer than others, so check with your dermatologist to if you see suspicious marks on the skin.

Basal Cell Carcinoma
In the head or neck could initially seem like pale spots or bumps is transparent on the skin. You may see the blood vessels or grooves in the center of the lump.

If the carcinoma develops in the chest, it may seem like the scar tanned flesh-colored or cuts. As the cancer progressed, she might bleed if injured or runny and become crusty in some parts.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Can be grown as a lump in the skin. This hard lump usually has a rough surface, unlike the smooth and clear display of basal cell carcinoma. If not, the cancer may be developing more like patches of redness and flaky.
Unlike skin rashes which disappear on its own, the rough patches like this cut continue to grow slowly. This type of cancer is usually found on the head, neck, hands or arms, but may also develop in other areas, such as the genital area or scars or wounds of the skin.

Merkel Cell Carcinoma
Can seem like a redness mole or like meat that stands out and grow fast. These small tumors usually appear on the skin areas exposed to the Sun, such as on the face, neck, or scalp.

Routine skin checks to see if any growth or unusual changes is key to discover and address the characteristics of skin cancer since its inception. If you find something suspicious, you should immediately check with your doctor or dermatologist.

If in the examination your doctor suspects changes or abnormalities that resemble the symptoms of cancer, you may be asked to perform more examination before doctors gave a diagnosis of skin cancer.

STAGING SKIN CANCER

Determining the stage of skin cancer will be made by the physician after he gave a diagnosis of cancer. Doctors need information about the stadium in order to evaluate treatment options to suit the condition of the patient's disease.

Staging skin cancer will give you an idea of how big the size of the cancer, whether the cancer has already spread to the lymph nodes, and whether the cancer has spread (metastasized) to other parts of the body.

SKIN CANCER TREATMENT

Treatment of skin cancer is typically based upon a variety of factors which include: the types of skin cancer suffered, how far the growth or its spread, the emergence of cancer, stage of cancer also. General medical treatment options available are:

Operation
The main skin cancer treatment is surgery. For most patients, surgery aims to remove the cancer and is the only treatment that they need.

This operation is usually small. You may be given an injection of local anesthetic (gas) in the area and then the doctor raised the cancer as well as a small amount of surrounding tissue. You may get a skin graft, depending on the location of the cancer grow, or when cancer covers a wider area.

There are several types of operating methods, and what you need depends on the location of the cancer and how big its size.

Radiothearpy
Radiotherapy is a treatment for skin cancer types of basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. You may be advised if this treatment: cancer covers a large area; the location is difficult to surgery; the operation is not suitable for you; to reduce the risk of cancer recurrence after surgery; or cancer has spread to the lymph nodes.

Immunotherapy
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) uses drugs to make the skin sensitive to light. So given the drug, doctors will direct a special type of light to the area of the location of the cancer. This is to destroy cancer cells there.

PDT is a treatment for skin cancer types are basal cell carcinoma, Bowen's disease, also actinic keratosis (solar keratosis).

Chemotherapy
Drugs used for chemotherapy treatment creams: actinic keratosis (solar keratosis); skin cancer that exists only in the top layer of skin; Bowen's disease also.

TREATMENT OF SKIN CANCER NATURALLY

You could be hearing about alternative liver cancer treatment is not done medically. The possibility of alternative options involves the use of herbs, vitamins, special diets, or other methods are generally considered natural.

Maybe you are interested in trying to harness the natural skin cancer drug. But before you do that, you should first consult with doctors who deal with you. It is hoped they will help you to consider the profit and lose so much so you can make wise decisions.

Skin cancer often did not receive special attention and finally detected relatively late because often ignoring early symptoms that appear. Therefore, it's good we are increasingly aware of the health of the skin yourself and diligently checked to monitor changes or growth anything unusual on the skin.


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Monday, November 12, 2018

The Herpes Virus 'Potentially Heal' Skin Cancer

The Herpes Virus 'Potentially Heal' Skin Cancer

A version of the genetic engineering of a virus that usually causes herpes simplex disease or ' cold sores ' shows the potential for the treatment of skin cancer, the researchers said.

Modified herpes virus that is harmless to normal cells but when injected into tumors, a virus has doubled and the release of substances to fight cancer.

Trial results published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology shows this therapy can prolong life for several years — but only for some patients melanoma. This method of treatment has not been licensed.

Treatment is similar to that of immunotherapy is already available in the United States and Europe, but researchers believe the T-Vec will be a new addition that was greeted with good reviews. This will also be the first melanoma treatment using viruses.

This latest study is the largest randomized trial using the anticancer and viruses involving 436 patients from centers in 64 United States, United Kingdom, Canada and South Africa that have a melanoma malignant cannot be operated on.

The increase in survival
The leader of this research in the United Kingdom, Prof. Kevin Harrington, from the Institute of Cancer Research in London, said, "there's an increasing fervor for the use of the viral treatments such as the T-Vec for cancer, because they could launch attacks forked on the tumor-both kill cancer cells directly and commanding the immune system's resistance to cancer.

"And because the treatment of the virus can target cancer cells specifically, it tends to have fewer side effects than traditional chemotherapy or some other new immunotherapy.”

Dr. Hayley Frend, science information manager at Cancer Research UK, said, "previous research showed the T-Vec can work well for those with advanced skin cancer, but this is the first study that shows an increase in survival.

"The next step is to understand why only some patients are responding well to the treatment of the T-Vec, so that we know which patients can take benefit of this treatment."

Earlier this year, an immunotherapy drug, pembrolizumab, became the first treatment that "accelerated" in the United Kingdom the NHS for patients who suffered from melanoma, under new Government plans.

Drugs that are approved through the plan of Early Access to Medicines, which launched in the United Kingdom in April 2014, has been investigated by the watchdog which calculated the risks and the benefits that it causes.

Melanoma is a cancer that frequently occurs in United Kingdom and killed more than 2,000 per year there. Damage to the skin caused by the Sun's harmful UV rays increases the risk of incidence of this cancer.

Analysis

Although not yet licensed, physicians are very excited by the prospect of this new melanoma treatment – and for the future, perhaps for other types of cancer.

The idea of using a virus to enter and kill the cancer cells are increasingly accepted science community and much praised.

A recent study in the Journal of Clinical Oncology is the largest randomized study for anticancer virus and provides promising evidence so that this concept can be applied in clinics, as well as a long-tested in the laboratory.

The researchers now want to do further studies to identify which patients can benefit from this treatment and whether it should be used along with other melanoma treatment.

The watchdog medicines will be watching closely and will make the final decision regarding the T-Vec in no time.


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Thursday, November 8, 2018

Signs and Symptoms of Melanoma Skin Cancer in Children

Melanoma Skin Cancer in Children

Signs and Symptoms of Melanoma Skin Cancer in Children

Not only adults, children can also experience the skin cancer melanoma. Despite including a rare type of cancer, melanoma is a type of skin cancer is the most common attack children. Read more to find out what are the characteristics of skin cancer in children. Early detection can increase the chances of success of the treatment and life expectancy.

A glimpse of skin cancer melanoma

Melanoma is the most serious type of skin cancer that develops due to the obstruction of the melanocytes so turbulent. Melanocytes are the cells that produce melanin, the pigment determinant of skin color. Characteristics of skin cancer melanoma looks like new moles showed up unexpectedly, although some also developed from an existing mole.

Signs moles cancer can spread to the surrounding area and then progressively enter into the skin, into the blood vessels, and lymph nodes, and the last attack to the heart, lungs, and bones.

Features of melanoma skin cancer in children

Not all Moles are skin cancer melanoma. A Mole is characteristic of cancer if it grows suddenly in a place not previously there is a mole, and changes shape, size and color.

Signs of skin cancer in children, among other things:

  • Change the shape, color, or size of moles
  • Moles appear as sores that do not heal and the pain
  • A mole that itches or bleeds
  • Lumps that looks shiny or crusty
  • The dark spots under the fingernail or toenail not caused by injuries on the nail

Melanoma skin cancer risk factors in children

The son of a white-skinned and has the original light colored hair have a high risk of melanoma. It caused cases of skin cancer in children is found in children the offspring of whites (Caucasian ras).
In addition, exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight and skin cancer in the family makes children more susceptible to the development of melanoma.

In General, the risk factors of skin cancer in children over the age of 10 years cooperatively with experienced adults, although for younger children risk factor is less obvious.

Children with skin cancer recurrence risk still have the same cancer in the future.

What are the treatments for melanoma skin cancer in children?

Melanoma treatment options for children depending on the stadium and place the spread of cancer. Skin cancer melanoma stadium (0-1) is usually treated by surgical removal of moles and healthy skin tissue at the edges. The low stage of skin cancer can also be treated with imiquimod cream granting (Zyclara), a Salve that helps eliminate the growth of skin cancer and non cancer.

The higher the diagnosis stage of skin cancer treatment options at any time the more diverse and complex. These include biopsy of lymph nodes, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy. Therapy treatment the doctor will be planned in accordance with the conditions of the child and the development of melanoma skin cancer symptoms that affect them.

Does skin cancer melanoma be prevented?

Melanoma can be prevented by reducing direct exposure to UV rays. Prevention can be done by using sunscreen of at least SPF 15. This can reduce the risk of your child having a melanoma to 50 percent.

Let your child play outside when morning and afternoon. This will reduce the exposure to direct sunlight to your child so you can protect your child from melanoma. In addition, we recommend that you avoid your child for Sun to darken the color of the leather (tanning).

Using dark clothes can also protect your children. Use a hat can also be the best option to protect your child from the searing Sun.

Investigate the skin on your child regularly, especially on the face, neck, and legs. Children who spend a lot of time outside without wearing clothes could make her vulnerable exposed skin cancer in his body.


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Thursday, November 1, 2018

Don't do this Habit as it Causes Skin Cancer!

Skin Cancer Symptoms


When talking about the skin, most of us consider it from the point of view of beauty treatments than the wellness section, isn't it?

For example, someone doing a lot of effort in running a skin care routine, to keep the outside of the skin looks clean and seemed to glow.

When do exfoliate, moisturize, wash your skin with the most suitable products for the skin, and even apply makeup to make it look more attractive.

However, many of us aren't too concerned about the health of the skin, such as how we worry about the health of vital organs such as the heart and kidneys.

You should be aware that the skin is also a bodily organ. In fact; the largest organ in the human body. Just like how other body organs exposed to the disease, even any skin can be exposed to.

Skin cancer is one of the most deadly types of cancer, which can affect the skin cells and can eventually affect other internal organs as well.

So, as reported by the Boldsky, here from some harmful habits can increase the risk of skin cancer:

1. Don't use sunscreen
A number of studies and surveys have proved that, particularly in developing countries, most people do not use sunscreen lotions and creams, every day. Ultraviolet light from the Sun is one of the main causes of skin cancer and can affect people, in a short span of time exposed to sunlight. So, it is advised that people should use a sunscreen lotion, every day, even when they are indoors for the most part.

2. a bad Diet
If your diet does not include foods that are healthy and nutritious foods such as fruits and vegetables, then Your skin cells become weaker and are immune to attack cancer cells, which can grow and multiply at an alarming rate. Fruits and vegetables contain many antioxidants and antioxidant known could prevent a number of cancers, including skin cancer. So make sure you eat fruit and vegetables every day.

3. Consume excess sugar
If you are someone who has a "sweet tooth", or if you like sugary foods such as candies, chocolate, and soft drinks on a regular basis, this could also be one of the main causes of skin cancer, according to a number of research studies. Other than skin cancer, excess sugar can also cause other health complications such as diabetes, obesity, dental cavities, and kidney disease.

4. Do not protect your skin outdoors
As we already know, at present, there is very much of the pollution in the air, especially in developing countries. So, if you do not cover the entire area of your skin, with protective clothing such as gloves, masks, socks, scarves, and other protective gear, the toxins in pollution can also cause skin cancer. In addition, protect yourself with protective clothing while traveling; it can also protect your skin from the Sun.

5. Smoking
Smoking also can become habits that cause skin cancer! This fact will surprise a lot of people because smoking is generally associated with the progression of lung cancer. However, there is sufficient scientific evidence to prove that nicotine is inhaled while smoking can also cause skin cancer, along with a number of other health complications that we all know so well.

6. The advantages of using a cell phone
This is one habit that the majority of the world population does it every day, regardless of age and gender. In fact, cell phones have become an integral part of our everyday life. Research studies show that the use of mobile phones for a long time can also cause skin cancer, because radio frequency waves emitted from mobile phones can trigger the growth of cancer cells in the skin.

7. Sitting too long
Yet another surprising habit that can lead to skin cancer is to sit for hours. This practice was carried out by a number of professionals who work behind a desk every day. Studies show that sit too long, especially in front of the computer can also increase the likelihood of developing cancer of the skin, as these habits can reduce your skin's elasticity, making it vulnerable to attack diseases like cancer.

8. Not checked myself into a dermatologist
Just like how most of us for general health checks once in a while, just to make sure all of our internal organs are functioning, although we feel healthy, it is also important for your skin checked regularly, by going to the doctor skin. Specialist skin can detect even small signs of skin cancer, if any, to help treat or prevent full condition.

9. Use the excess makeup
Right now, a lot of people getting used to using make-up every day, to look attractive and feel good. However, some studies have shown that using make-up every day can also trigger skin cancer, because of a number of toxic chemicals may be used in certain cosmetic products brand.

So, do you still want to do a dangerous habit that again? Try to think!

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