Skin cancer is by far the most common type of cancer afflicting people. This cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the skin often develops on skin exposed to the Sun. But it could just be the cancer appears in the skin areas that are usually not exposed to sunlight.
If you suffer from skin cancer, understand kind of what you're suffering because it affects the treatment options that are available and the level of your life expectancy. This article will help you understand more about the causes of skin cancer, traits to look out for, too, i.e. the treatment of skin cancer that is generally available.
TYPES OF SKIN CANCER
All skin cancers are serious and should be treated properly. But the type of skin cancer, treatment options, as well as his life-expectancy rates vary quite widely depending on the type of skin cell types are affected.
Main types of skin cancers including basal cell carcinoma, Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Markel cell carcinoma, and melanoma. There are also some other type which is very rare, among others:
Kaposi's Sarcoma (KS):
Caused by herpes virus, thereby also known as Kaposi's Sarcoma associated herpes virus. This cancer usually appears as sores or tumor on the skin. Tumor can also be formed in the mouth, lungs, or the gastrointestinal tract.
Most cases of KS in some countries involve patients who are infected with HIV (the cause of AIDS). But KS can also be experienced by someone whose immune system was severely disrupted.
Is growth a pre cancer that can develop squamous cell carcinoma of the aspirants when left not addressed. This growth may be found in a group of skin damaged by exposure to ultraviolet light (UV).
Lymphoma in the Skin:
Is a type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma? Most cases of lymphoma exist in lymph nodes, small glands which are scattered all over the body produces T cells to fight disease and B cells, also known as lymphocytes.
But lymphoma can also develop in other lymphoid tissues including the spleen, bone marrow, and skin. This rare cancer may seem like a rash or bumps on the skin.
Is the tumor that usually are benign (non-cancerous) that grows slowly and often disappear. These tumors often grow if it continues to be handled in a manner similar to that of doctor when handling squamous cell carcinoma.
CAUSES OF SKIN CANCER
Skin cancer develops when there are various errors (mutations) in DNA from skin cells. These mutations cause cells can grow out of control and form a group of mass of cancer cells.
THE CELLS INVOLVED IN SKIN CANCER
Skin cancer began in the outermost layer of your skin, namely the epidermis. The epidermis is a thin layer that provides a protective coating for skin cells to flake off regularly. The epidermis contains three main cell types:
- Squamous cell is located just below the outer surface and serves as the inner layer of the skin.
- Basal cells produce new skin cells, squamous cells are below.
- Melanocytes produce melanin; the pigment that gives IE the normal skin color is located at the bottom of your epidermis. Melanocytes produce melanin more when exposed to the Sun in an effort to protect the inside layers of your skin.
The location where skin cancer starts will determine the type of cancer suffered as well as treatment options available to you.
ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT CAUSES SKIN CANCER AND OTHER
Much of the damage to the DNA in the cells of the skin caused by ultraviolet (UV) radiation in sunlight and in the rays used in the tanning bed. But sun exposure is not the cause of skin cancer on the skin which usually is not exposed to the Sun.
This shows that there are other factors that may cause skin cancer becomes, for example, exposure to toxic substances or have certain health problems that weaken your immune system.
CAUSES OF SKIN CANCER RISK FACTORS
Factors that also enlarge your chances to suffer from skin cancers, among others:
Rightly Colored Skin
Anyone, of any skin color, can suffer from skin cancer. But, having less pigment (melanin) in the skin means you have less protection from damage by UV radiation.
People who are blond or red and have a bright eye color, and easily appear spots or sores on the skin if exposed to the Sun, usually more risky exposed to skin cancer.
Once Cuts Stung The Sun
Never had a single wound blisters stung the Sun or more as a child or teenager will increase your risk for developing skin cancer as adults. Cuts sunburn as adults also increases the risk.
Too Often Subject to Sun
Anyone who's spent much time outdoors is at risk of suffering from this cancer, especially if the skin is not protected by armor or sunscreen.
The Sunny or High Places
People who live in places where the climate is warm and sunny more often exposed to the Sun. Living in a high place, where the exposure to the Sun is stronger, it also increases the exposure to UV radiation to the skin.
People who have lots of moles or moles called dysplastic abnormal nevi are at risk of suffering from skin cancer. These abnormal moles look uneven and usually larger than normal moles are more likely to turn into cancer.
A Family History of Skin Cancer Sufferers
If their parents or siblings you have ever suffered from skin cancer, it means that you become more risky miserable too.
Remember that even if you have one or more risk factors for liver cancer causes above, does not mean you will definitely suffer from the disease. There are people who have a number of risk factors above but never suffered from cancer during his lifetime. However for more secure, we recommend that you avoid any factors that could have been prevented while aware that cannot be avoided.
PREVENTION OF SKIN CANCER
Most skin cancers can be prevented. To protect you from these diseases, so some way of preventing skin cancer below.
Avoid The Sun at Midday
In some places, the most blistering rays of the Sun is between the hours of 10 am to 4 pm. Schedule outdoor activities outside these times, even though the days are cloudy, light rain, or cold air.
You absorb the UV radiation all year round, and clouds only a few give protection from the damaging rays of the Sun's radiation. Avoid sunlight blazing in time to help prevent sunburn and for prevention of skin cancer.
Diligently Applying Sunscreen
Sunscreen (sunscreen) does not filter out harmful UV radiation throughout; especially radiation can trigger cancer melanoma. But sunscreen can provide sufficient protection. Use a broad spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15.
Apply sunscreen thoroughly, and repeat every 2 hours once or more often if you're swimming or sweating a lot. Use sunscreen to all parts of the skin that is exposed to the Sun, including the lips, the tip of the ears, and the back of the arm, neck also.
Diligently Check Your Own Skin
Please check the skin more often if there is growth or unusual changes in moles, skin spots, bumps, and birthmarks. Use the mirror to check all parts of the face, neck, ears, and scalp.
Check also the upper part of the body, and the upper and lower arm and hand. Check the front and rear legs and soles of the feet, including the spaces between the toes. Also check Your genital area and between the buttocks.
SIGNS OF SKIN CANCER
Characteristics of skin cancer mainly arises in areas of sun-exposed skin, including the scalp, face, lips, ears, neck, chest, hands, and feet. Check your skin regularly to see if there are any changes or unusual growth.
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SKIN CANCER MELANOMA
Signs of melanoma are usually the new spots on the skin, or changes in size, shape, or color of a mole. The ABCDE method can help you to determine if a skin growth that is not the reasonable possibility was melanoma:
- Asymmetry : taupe irregular shape.
- Border : edge of a mole is not smooth but irregular or grooved.
- Color : moles have uneven color or dark spots there.
- Diameter: larger than the Spots the size of pencil erasers.
- Evolving or Elevation (Develops or Obtrusive): Freckle changed in terms of size, shape, or texture.
The only way to ascertain if any of these symptoms really is a melanoma is checked with a doctor. Because the symptoms of cancer may vary, and not all melanomas develop from a mole, then it is important for every checked growth in skin that is fair to the physician experts
CHARACTERISTICS OF NON-MELANOMA SKIN CANCER
Unusual growth or cuts in the skin which failed to heal is probably an early sign of non-melanoma skin cancer. Skin cancer can initially look like a rash, or irregular blotches on the surface of the skin.
These spots can be prominent and easily out fluid or bleed. As the cancer grows, the size or shape of the growth in the skin that looks can change and cancer can grow into the deeper layers of the skin. It may be difficult to distinguish one form of skin cancer than others, so check with your dermatologist to if you see suspicious marks on the skin.
Basal Cell Carcinoma
In the head or neck could initially seem like pale spots or bumps is transparent on the skin. You may see the blood vessels or grooves in the center of the lump.
If the carcinoma develops in the chest, it may seem like the scar tanned flesh-colored or cuts. As the cancer progressed, she might bleed if injured or runny and become crusty in some parts.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Can be grown as a lump in the skin. This hard lump usually has a rough surface, unlike the smooth and clear display of basal cell carcinoma. If not, the cancer may be developing more like patches of redness and flaky.
Unlike skin rashes which disappear on its own, the rough patches like this cut continue to grow slowly. This type of cancer is usually found on the head, neck, hands or arms, but may also develop in other areas, such as the genital area or scars or wounds of the skin.
Merkel Cell Carcinoma
Can seem like a redness mole or like meat that stands out and grow fast. These small tumors usually appear on the skin areas exposed to the Sun, such as on the face, neck, or scalp.
Routine skin checks to see if any growth or unusual changes is key to discover and address the characteristics of skin cancer since its inception. If you find something suspicious, you should immediately check with your doctor or dermatologist.
If in the examination your doctor suspects changes or abnormalities that resemble the symptoms of cancer, you may be asked to perform more examination before doctors gave a diagnosis of skin cancer.
STAGING SKIN CANCER
Determining the stage of skin cancer will be made by the physician after he gave a diagnosis of cancer. Doctors need information about the stadium in order to evaluate treatment options to suit the condition of the patient's disease.
Staging skin cancer will give you an idea of how big the size of the cancer, whether the cancer has already spread to the lymph nodes, and whether the cancer has spread (metastasized) to other parts of the body.
SKIN CANCER TREATMENT
Treatment of skin cancer is typically based upon a variety of factors which include: the types of skin cancer suffered, how far the growth or its spread, the emergence of cancer, stage of cancer also. General medical treatment options available are:
The main skin cancer treatment is surgery. For most patients, surgery aims to remove the cancer and is the only treatment that they need.
This operation is usually small. You may be given an injection of local anesthetic (gas) in the area and then the doctor raised the cancer as well as a small amount of surrounding tissue. You may get a skin graft, depending on the location of the cancer grow, or when cancer covers a wider area.
There are several types of operating methods, and what you need depends on the location of the cancer and how big its size.
Radiotherapy is a treatment for skin cancer types of basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. You may be advised if this treatment: cancer covers a large area; the location is difficult to surgery; the operation is not suitable for you; to reduce the risk of cancer recurrence after surgery; or cancer has spread to the lymph nodes.
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) uses drugs to make the skin sensitive to light. So given the drug, doctors will direct a special type of light to the area of the location of the cancer. This is to destroy cancer cells there.
PDT is a treatment for skin cancer types are basal cell carcinoma, Bowen's disease, also actinic keratosis (solar keratosis).
Drugs used for chemotherapy treatment creams: actinic keratosis (solar keratosis); skin cancer that exists only in the top layer of skin; Bowen's disease also.
TREATMENT OF SKIN CANCER NATURALLY
You could be hearing about alternative liver cancer treatment is not done medically. The possibility of alternative options involves the use of herbs, vitamins, special diets, or other methods are generally considered natural.
Maybe you are interested in trying to harness the natural skin cancer drug. But before you do that, you should first consult with doctors who deal with you. It is hoped they will help you to consider the profit and lose so much so you can make wise decisions.
Skin cancer often did not receive special attention and finally detected relatively late because often ignoring early symptoms that appear. Therefore, it's good we are increasingly aware of the health of the skin yourself and diligently checked to monitor changes or growth anything unusual on the skin.
Know More Skin Cancer and How to Treat it
4/ 5Oleh Naddin Rosyda