Signs and Symptoms of Melanoma Skin Cancer in Children
Not only adults, children can also experience the skin cancer melanoma. Despite including a rare type of cancer, melanoma is a type of skin cancer is the most common attack children. Read more to find out what are the characteristics of skin cancer in children. Early detection can increase the chances of success of the treatment and life expectancy.
A glimpse of skin cancer melanoma
Melanoma is the most serious type of skin cancer that develops due to the obstruction of the melanocytes so turbulent. Melanocytes are the cells that produce melanin, the pigment determinant of skin color. Characteristics of skin cancer melanoma looks like new moles showed up unexpectedly, although some also developed from an existing mole.
Signs moles cancer can spread to the surrounding area and then progressively enter into the skin, into the blood vessels, and lymph nodes, and the last attack to the heart, lungs, and bones.
Features of melanoma skin cancer in children
Not all Moles are skin cancer melanoma. A Mole is characteristic of cancer if it grows suddenly in a place not previously there is a mole, and changes shape, size and color.
Signs of skin cancer in children, among other things:
- Change the shape, color, or size of moles
- Moles appear as sores that do not heal and the pain
- A mole that itches or bleeds
- Lumps that looks shiny or crusty
- The dark spots under the fingernail or toenail not caused by injuries on the nail
Melanoma skin cancer risk factors in children
The son of a white-skinned and has the original light colored hair have a high risk of melanoma. It caused cases of skin cancer in children is found in children the offspring of whites (Caucasian ras).
In addition, exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight and skin cancer in the family makes children more susceptible to the development of melanoma.
In General, the risk factors of skin cancer in children over the age of 10 years cooperatively with experienced adults, although for younger children risk factor is less obvious.
Children with skin cancer recurrence risk still have the same cancer in the future.
What are the treatments for melanoma skin cancer in children?
Melanoma treatment options for children depending on the stadium and place the spread of cancer. Skin cancer melanoma stadium (0-1) is usually treated by surgical removal of moles and healthy skin tissue at the edges. The low stage of skin cancer can also be treated with imiquimod cream granting (Zyclara), a Salve that helps eliminate the growth of skin cancer and non cancer.
The higher the diagnosis stage of skin cancer treatment options at any time the more diverse and complex. These include biopsy of lymph nodes, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy. Therapy treatment the doctor will be planned in accordance with the conditions of the child and the development of melanoma skin cancer symptoms that affect them.
Does skin cancer melanoma be prevented?
Melanoma can be prevented by reducing direct exposure to UV rays. Prevention can be done by using sunscreen of at least SPF 15. This can reduce the risk of your child having a melanoma to 50 percent.
Let your child play outside when morning and afternoon. This will reduce the exposure to direct sunlight to your child so you can protect your child from melanoma. In addition, we recommend that you avoid your child for Sun to darken the color of the leather (tanning).
Using dark clothes can also protect your children. Use a hat can also be the best option to protect your child from the searing Sun.
Investigate the skin on your child regularly, especially on the face, neck, and legs. Children who spend a lot of time outside without wearing clothes could make her vulnerable exposed skin cancer in his body.