Showing posts with label Cancer. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Cancer. Show all posts

Thursday, November 1, 2018

Don't do this Habit as it Causes Skin Cancer!

Skin Cancer Symptoms


When talking about the skin, most of us consider it from the point of view of beauty treatments than the wellness section, isn't it?

For example, someone doing a lot of effort in running a skin care routine, to keep the outside of the skin looks clean and seemed to glow.

When do exfoliate, moisturize, wash your skin with the most suitable products for the skin, and even apply makeup to make it look more attractive.

However, many of us aren't too concerned about the health of the skin, such as how we worry about the health of vital organs such as the heart and kidneys.

You should be aware that the skin is also a bodily organ. In fact; the largest organ in the human body. Just like how other body organs exposed to the disease, even any skin can be exposed to.

Skin cancer is one of the most deadly types of cancer, which can affect the skin cells and can eventually affect other internal organs as well.

So, as reported by the Boldsky, here from some harmful habits can increase the risk of skin cancer:

1. Don't use sunscreen
A number of studies and surveys have proved that, particularly in developing countries, most people do not use sunscreen lotions and creams, every day. Ultraviolet light from the Sun is one of the main causes of skin cancer and can affect people, in a short span of time exposed to sunlight. So, it is advised that people should use a sunscreen lotion, every day, even when they are indoors for the most part.

2. a bad Diet
If your diet does not include foods that are healthy and nutritious foods such as fruits and vegetables, then Your skin cells become weaker and are immune to attack cancer cells, which can grow and multiply at an alarming rate. Fruits and vegetables contain many antioxidants and antioxidant known could prevent a number of cancers, including skin cancer. So make sure you eat fruit and vegetables every day.

3. Consume excess sugar
If you are someone who has a "sweet tooth", or if you like sugary foods such as candies, chocolate, and soft drinks on a regular basis, this could also be one of the main causes of skin cancer, according to a number of research studies. Other than skin cancer, excess sugar can also cause other health complications such as diabetes, obesity, dental cavities, and kidney disease.

4. Do not protect your skin outdoors
As we already know, at present, there is very much of the pollution in the air, especially in developing countries. So, if you do not cover the entire area of your skin, with protective clothing such as gloves, masks, socks, scarves, and other protective gear, the toxins in pollution can also cause skin cancer. In addition, protect yourself with protective clothing while traveling; it can also protect your skin from the Sun.

5. Smoking
Smoking also can become habits that cause skin cancer! This fact will surprise a lot of people because smoking is generally associated with the progression of lung cancer. However, there is sufficient scientific evidence to prove that nicotine is inhaled while smoking can also cause skin cancer, along with a number of other health complications that we all know so well.

6. The advantages of using a cell phone
This is one habit that the majority of the world population does it every day, regardless of age and gender. In fact, cell phones have become an integral part of our everyday life. Research studies show that the use of mobile phones for a long time can also cause skin cancer, because radio frequency waves emitted from mobile phones can trigger the growth of cancer cells in the skin.

7. Sitting too long
Yet another surprising habit that can lead to skin cancer is to sit for hours. This practice was carried out by a number of professionals who work behind a desk every day. Studies show that sit too long, especially in front of the computer can also increase the likelihood of developing cancer of the skin, as these habits can reduce your skin's elasticity, making it vulnerable to attack diseases like cancer.

8. Not checked myself into a dermatologist
Just like how most of us for general health checks once in a while, just to make sure all of our internal organs are functioning, although we feel healthy, it is also important for your skin checked regularly, by going to the doctor skin. Specialist skin can detect even small signs of skin cancer, if any, to help treat or prevent full condition.

9. Use the excess makeup
Right now, a lot of people getting used to using make-up every day, to look attractive and feel good. However, some studies have shown that using make-up every day can also trigger skin cancer, because of a number of toxic chemicals may be used in certain cosmetic products brand.

So, do you still want to do a dangerous habit that again? Try to think!

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Wednesday, October 31, 2018

10 Types of Malignant and Deadly Cancer You Should Know

deadly cancer

Malignant and Deadly Cancer. There are more than 100 types of cancer, along with a variety of causes, ranging from radiation, chemicals, until the virus. But the sameness, a cancer marked by abnormal cell growth. Cancer what are the deadliest and why it's hard to be healed? According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention cancer is the number two cause of death in Americans after heart disease. Even when diagnosed early and cutting edge treatments, be solved by cancer still has the power to kill.

Indeed there have been a lot of successful treatments at this time and not found a few dozen years ago, but the cancer treatment remains elusive because of many factors. The growth of cancer cells remain unpredictable and still mysterious in some cases, after going through treatment seems effective, cancer cells are able to hide in some patients and reappear.

About US $200 billion has been spent in cancer research since the early 1970 's, survival for all cancer patients in the US has also increased from about 50% in the 1970 's to achieve 65% at the moment.

We will not be able to achieve what it is today if not funded, health sciences Foundation of science teaches us about the mechanism and effectiveness of drugs. We took that information and apply it into the clinic to find out if the new ways were successful in treating the cancer.

Various deadly cancers:

1. Lung Cancer
Lung cancer is the number one killer in the United States, its main cause is the use of tobacco products and smoking, this type of cancer most often strikes people aged 55-65 years. There are two main types of cancer cell lung cancer, the most ubiquitous large and small lung cell cancer that spreads more quickly. More than 157,000 people are estimated to have died from cancer of the lungs and bronchial in 2010. For those of you who have concerns disease lung cancer, we recommend to you to do a treatment with traditional healing methods.

2. Colon Rectum Cancer
Colon cancer colon tissue to grow in, whereas the rectum grows in a few centimeters in the colon near the rectum. Most cases start with a small blob of benign polyps or cells and over time grow into cancer. Inspection is highly recommended to find polyps before turning into cancer; colorectal cancer is estimated to kill more than 51,000 people in the year 2010. Therefore, the examination or health checks on a regular basis will greatly help us to know the health conditions and be aware of the incidence of the disease of colon cancer of the rectum.

3. Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is a cancer that is most popular in the United States after skin cancer; this cancer can also attack the man. There are almost 2,000 cases of breast cancer in men between the years 2003 to 2008. Cancer cells usually formed in the channels that drain the milk to the nipple or glands that produce milk, nearly 40,000 people are estimated to die of breast cancer in the year 2010.

Usually this breast cancer sufferer is not aware that he suffered from a disease that is deadly, because cancer is indeed well known as a silent killer.

4. Pancreatic Cancer
Pancreatic cancer appeared in the pancreatic tissue helps digestion and regulating metabolism, detection and handling of early on will be hard to do, it is because the symptoms in cancer of the pancreas is very difficult identified symptoms or signs of beginning, spread silently and spread very quickly. Cancer of the pancreas in which an estimated 37,000 inhabitants in 2010.

5. Prostate Cancer
This cancer is the leading cause of death due to cancer is number two in men after lung cancer bronchial and as well as being a scary Specter for men, because it attacked the men's reproductive organs. Prostate cancer usually grows slowly starts in the prostate gland, a gland that produces seminal fluid to transport sperm.

Some types of cancer are still confined to the prostate gland, and are more easily treated. But other types of more aggressive and faster spreading, prostate cancer is estimated to kill around 32,000 people in the year 2010.

6. Blood Cancer (leukemia)
There are many types of leukemia or blood cancer and they all attack the body's tissues that make up the blood as bone marrow and lymphatic system, blood cancer resulted in excess production of abnormal white blood cells.

This type of leukemia are classified based on how fast its spread and the cells that are affected, what are the different types of leukemia acute myelogenous leukemia is the most malignant and kill 41,714 people in 2003 to 2007. Nearly 22,000 people are expected to die of leukemia in the year 2010.

7. Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
There may be a do not know in detail what is the disease non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma; let's discuss a glimpse on one type of cancer that is included in the category of malignant cancer. This cancer attacks the lymphocytes, a type of white blood cells and is characterized by swollen lymph nodes, fever and experience weight loss. There are several types of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and categorized based on the speed of growth and types of lymphocytes are exposed to. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma more deadly than Hodgkin's lymphoma and is estimated to have killed more than 20,000 people in the year 2010.

8. Cancer of the Liver and Bile Duct Itrahepatik
Liver cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer worldwide, but is rarely found in the United States. This cancer is closely related to cancer of the bile duct intrahepatik who attacked a channel that carries bile from the liver to the small intestine. Nearly 19,000 Americans are estimated to die of liver and bile duct kaner Saturday intrahepatik by the year 2010.

9. Ovarian Cancer
Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death due to cancer in women number four between the years 2003 to 2007; the average age of the woman who was diagnosed with this cancer is 63 years old. This cancer is more easily treated but is more difficult to be detected at an early stage. Symptoms include stomach discomfort, urging to urinate and pelvic pain. Nearly 14,000 women are estimated to die due to ovarian cancer in 2010.

10. Esophageal Cancer
This cancer begins in the cells that line the esophagus, the tube that is bringing food from the throat to the stomach, and usually occurs in the lower part of the esophagus. Men are more likely to die than women due to esophageal cancer between the years 2003 to 2007. The cancer kills an estimated 14,500 people by the year 2010.

Hopefully the information about 10 types of malignant and deadly cancer above loyal visitors useful for My Health.


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Tuesday, September 18, 2018

Healthy Lifestyle to Prevent Cancer

Healthy Lifestyle to Prevent Cancer

Healthy lifestyle to prevent cancer. The cancer is often known by the community as the tumor, whereas not all tumors are cancer. Tumor is any abnormal lumps or abnormal. Tumors are divided into two groups, namely the benign tumor and malignant tumor. Cancer is a generic term for all types of malignant tumors.

Symptoms of the disease of cancer of all kinds, if you experience any of the symptoms of some of the course; it could be that there is a need to be changed from your lifestyle.

Cancer often recently detected after entering an advanced stage. In fact, there are several things that can be done so that the symptoms of the disease of cancer can be known and prevented early.

According to Graham Colditz, associate director for prevention and control of the Siteman Cancer Center at Washington University; maintain a healthy weight and good nutrition can be the best way to avoid cancer (mensjournal.com, April 14, 2015).

A report year 2009 of Cancer Research Fund and American Institute for Cancer Research found that about one-third of the causes of cancer may be associated with a poor diet and lack of physical activity.

Referring to the report, Colditz said that maintaining a healthy weight and diet more consume plant foods such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains (nuts) can lower the risk of some cancers the most common.

But keep in mind, according to Dr. David Phillips from the Institute of Cancer Research, nuts, cereals or spices are stored in humid temperatures should not be consumed because it could cause the mushroom type fungus aflatoxin i.e. that could potentially increase the risk of liver cancer (dailymail.co.uk, April 18, 2015)

Further Colditz warns of danger of smoking that may cause any type of cancer, particularly lung. In the United States (US), lung cancer is the deadliest disease in which 90% of cases in men is caused by the habit of smoking.

Likewise with alcohol. Moreover, for those who have a bad habit of consuming alcohol and cigarettes simultaneously? According to Colditz, the content of ethanol in alcohol will ease the chemicals in tobacco enters the blood cells, making it difficult for DNA to repair the damage himself.

To get more definitive hints about healthy lifestyles that can prevent cancer, you can consult Your doctor or a health professional.

Spread this article "Healthy Lifestyle to Prevent Cancer" to your relationships through social networking features. And, share the experience of healthy living what you run in order to prevent the appearance of disease symptoms of certain cancers in the column below.


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Sunday, September 16, 2018

Tumors Oral Cavity : How to Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevent

Oral Cavity Cancer


Tumors Oral Cavity

Carcinoma of the oral cavity is a group of cancers called head and neck cancer. Cancer of the oral cavity can develop in various places in the oral cavity or oropharynx. Most carcinomas of the oral cavity start from the base of the tongue and mouth. Almost all carcinomas of the oral cavity start of flat cells (cell squamous) that coat the surface of the mouth, tongue and lips. This cancer called squamous cell carcinoma.

Carcinoma of the oral cavity is usually spread through the lymphatic system. Cancer cells usually appear initially in the lymph nodes of the neck. Cancer cells can also spread to other places on the neck, lungs, and other places throughout the body. When this happens, the new tumor is the same type of abnormal cells such as in the primary tumor.

Carcinoma of the oral cavity is one of the diseases can be detected early. It is caused by its own can be seen every day as well as by others, either intentionally or unintentionally, for example when doing a toothbrush will spontaneously can be seen the presence of abnormalities in the cavity the mouth. Abnormalities in the oral cavity can also be viewed by others while it is performing a dental examination nor was talking with other people. Other things that can potentially find the presence of tumors in the oral cavity can be seen from a disorder of movement of the tongue when speaking and so forth.

It is important to find a carcinoma of the oral cavity is premature, because thus more treatment success is assured. Researchers are trying to probe these further diseases to share information so that the public knows about Carcinoma of the oral cavity. With the examination-an examination of the simple as screening for Carcinoma of the oral cavity to find then it should have been the genesis of the oral cavity Carcinoma can be reduced and its treatment can be more successful.

Epidemiology

Carcinoma of the oral cavity was found roughly around ⅔ occurs in the mouth and pharynx ⅓ found in. In the United States each year, about 29,000 people realize it has contracted cancer of the oral cavity (the mouth and lips) or oropharynx. This cancer is diagnosed in approximately 30,000 Americans (this year) and caused more than 8,000 deaths. The disease has killed nearly 1 person every hour. Cancer of the oral cavity ranks 6th for types of cancer that is often inflicted on men and no. 14 on the woman. Carcinoma of the oral cavity is spreading quickly. On average, only half (59%) are diagnosed with this disease can survive more than 5 years. Oral cavity cancers often occur at the age above 40 years old and affect more men than women. Vaamonde (2004) found that of 636 people patients suffering from head and neck cancer, 48 people or 7.5% develop secondary lesions.

Risk Factors

Tobacco/Alcohol Consumption; The use of tobacco and excessive Alcohol will increase the risk of cancer of the oral cavity. Cigarette smokers, cigars, pipe tobacco, snuff tobacco, tobacco chewers are those associated with the risk of Carcinoma of the oral cavity. In some tribes, tobacco is the need to run a cultural ritual or habit. For example on Indian tribes who perform the ritual of Sucking Pipe of peace to relieve tribal warfare. Likewise there are tribes in Indonesia Batak (Toba, Batak Simalungun, Nias) chewing tobacco (menyirih or suntil) has become a habit. For people who consume alcohol will increase the risk of developing cancer is with increasing amounts of alcohol consumed. The use of tobacco and alcohol at the same time increases the risk of more than one usage; even three of the four incidents of cancer of the oral cavity appear in people who consume tobacco, alcohol, or both.

Light From the Sun; Sun exposure is a risk factor for cancer of the lips, and even a smoker would be more prone to carcinomas. Using CAP, lip balm or lotion containing ultra violet protective will reduce or protect the lips from the risk of cancer of the lip.

Age; Carcinoma of the oral cavity is a disease typical in people with older age, usually because of the length of exposure to risk factors affected. Figures for the incidence of Carcinoma of the oral cavity increases with age, reaching the largest number at the age of 65-74 years. In Africa-American people, most events numbers at the age of about 10 years younger.

Gender; Carcinoma of the oral cavity about male 2 times more often than women.

Research shows that people who have risk factors such as above have greater possibilities to develop into Carcinoma of the oral cavity. Most cancers of the oral cavity can be prevented. 75% of this cancer is associated with use of tobacco, alcohol, or both simultaneously. Avoiding risk factors and factors coupled with eating more healthy foods like vegetables, fruits containing high in fiber will reduce the risk of cancer.

The table below is a risk factor data against cancer:

Risk Factor

Percentage

Tobacco

30%

Diet / Obesity

30%

Habits/Patterns of life

5%

Factor obtained

5%

Family Cancer History

5%

Viruses/biological

5%

Perinatal Factor

5%

Reproductive

3%

Alcohol

3%

Socioeconomic Status

3%

Environmental pollution

2%

Ionizing/UV radiation

2%

Other

2%



Symptoms

The symptoms that often appear on cancer of the oral cavity is the membranes in the mouth or lips are colored white, red or both (color change on the network of the mouth); Pain in the lips or mouth which bleeds easily and does not heal; teeth date; Difficulty or pain when chewing or swallowing; Trouble talking or moving the jaw or tongue; Difficulty or discomfort when Moor teeth (wearing false teeth); Swelling in the neck; pain in the ear, and so forth.

Pathology

Macroscopic. Note the presence of the preliminary signs that usually initiate the occurrence of cancer of the oral cavity that can look out for. Oral cancer is often preceded by a form of lesions are small, white or red spots that are often not aware of its existence or stung in the mouth. Such circumstances may occur throughout the area of the oral cavity including the lips, gums, cheek, tongue, inside and the ceiling (palate). Lesions that maybe a sign of cancer of the oral cavity. There are two lesions that can be precursors to cancer of the oral cavity, i.e. Leukoplakia (white lesions) and erythroplakia (red lesions). Although more rare lesions erythroplakia than leukoplakia, erythroplakia component containing the lesion has a greater potential for continued into cancer. All lesions, either white or red that does not improve within two weeks should be re-evaluated and considered for action biopsy to determine the Diagnosis of definitive. Other lesions may be the signs and symptoms. Signs and symptoms of Carcinoma of the oral cavity which usually includes: patient complained of the presence of a lump or thickening of the tissues of the mouth, pain or feeling like something stuck in throat, difficulty chewing or swallowing, ear pain, It's hard moving the jaw or tongue, hoarse, numbing on tongue or other parts of the mouth. If problems like this settled more than two weeks, then the necessary clinical and laboratory examination. If a diagnosis cannot be enforced, should patients referred to a specialist who is more appropriate.

Microscopic / Histopathology. The description of the histopathology varies greatly, ranging from hyperkeratosis and hyperplasia up on the State of atrophy and severe dysplasia. Patients with idiopathic leukoplakia have a higher risk to develop into cancer. From the research that there is a 4-17% of patients such as the malignant transformation of the incident found the lesion leukoplakia in less than 20 years later. Lesions in the oral cavity will develop into malignant lesions on areas likely 5 times greater in patients with leukoplakia than in patients without leukoplakia. Atrophic Mucosa is the initial conditions of pre Cancer lesions in the oral cavity where the epithelial cells and mucous tissue undergoes atrophy. Hiperplastik: mucosa epithelial cells in the mucosa of the oral cavity are having hyperplasia. Leukoplakia, usually asymptomatic and are discovered by accident while performing a routine dental examination. Leukoplakia can occur throughout the area of the oral cavity, though most often is in the buccal mucosa, the base of the mouth, tongue and palate the ventral part of the gingival. The appearance of leukoplakia is whitish plaques are solitary or multiple with an assertive edge. Leukoplakia can be slightly thickened and slippery or frown-shaped and fisur, may also appear with such plaques form veruka. Leukoplakia cannot be removed by using a swab. Eritroplakia, picture histologik Erythroplakia is epidermal thickening; almost 90% of the epidermal surface erosion is with dysplasia, carcinoma in situ, or already happened around the carcinoma growth margins of erythroplakia. Redness in lesions is a result of the reaction of subepitel with inflammation in the vascular dilation. The size of the lesion does not seem to be a relevance, i.e. even a very small dysplasia lesions can be a multiple carcinomas and fatal.

Dysplasia. Displastik lesions are not showing the specific clinical picture, however if accompanied by a erythroplakia, then the picture is like a dysplasia. 17-25% biopsy sample of leukoplakia is a proven dysplasia. Verrucous Leukoplakia, Erythroplakia, Leukoplakia and Nodular showed an increase in the frequency of changes of histology dysplasia. Leukoplakia as above, or a erythroplakia, is usually a displastik or carcinoma. Most idiopathic Leukoplakia is homogeneous and very little that shows berubahan histology dysplasia. Nodular Leukoplakia or Verrucous lesions is not homogeneous, but homogeneous leukoplakia doesn't show potential malignant. However, the study found heavy dysplasia or carcinoma shows of leukoplakia specimens originating from excision almost 5% when diagnosis specimens originating from the biopsy showed an absence of dysplasia. In Situ Carcinoma is a term used in the controversial if a severe Dysplasia in which abnormal area extending past the thickness of the epithelium. The entire abnormal cellular characteristics of the malignant state can appear; It's just an invasion of connective tissue is not found. Starting from top to bottom, as in dysplasia epithel lesions-lesions Dysplasia of the other, did not have a characteristic clinical picture, although erythroplakia Carcinoma proved to be in Situ or an Early Invasion Carcinoma. Squamous Cell Carcinoma is 95% type of carcinoma in HNSCC (Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma). Tumor Odontogenic, is a group of complex lesions by clinical and histological picture is very different. Some indeed a neoplasm (benign and malignant), but partly resembles the hematoma. Odontogenic tumor derived from epithelial odontogenic, ectomesnchyme, or from both. This type of tumor odontogenic the most frequently encountered is Ameloblastoma: derived from the epithelium of the odontogenik; Odontoma, derived from the epithelium but occupying positions in email and dentin. Odontomas hematoma is more of a than a neoplasm and can be cured by local excision.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is done by doing a physical examination that is seeing signs in the mouth or throat leukoplakia or erythroplakia existence, bumps, or other problems. The examination started from the base of the back of the throat, mouth and the inside of the cheeks and lips. Then conducted an examination of the tongue with interesting tongue carefully and proceed with an examination of the lymph nodes in the neck. On examination of the abnormal area is found, and then the Biopsy is done to ensure that suspected area. Determination of the structure and cytology is the Gold Standard in finding the presence of abnormality in the oral cavity. Endoscopy is also done to browse there whether or not the spread of cancer to other place.

Scanning can be done are: dental x-ray and chest CT scan, MRI, The examination conducted under this is an abstract of a standard inspection method which is already recommended by the WHO. Method of inspection is also done by the Center for disease control and prevention's National Health Agency. The tools used are: adequate light (a flashlight), the glass mouth, 2 pieces size gauze 2 x 2 ", and gloves. This examination is not more than 5 minutes. The patient is prepared by releasing first if any protease on the mouth (e.g., false teeth, braces, and so on), and then the patient is seated in a comfortable position.

Examination of Intra Oral and Perioral Tissues

The procedure is done is a systematic assessment of the 7 steps of the labial mucosa, lip and sulcus, mucosa and buccal commissural, sulcus, the alveolar and ginggiva, the base of the tongue, mouth, and palate. Lips: examination begins by observing the patient's mouth with lips open and closed. Check the colors, textures and surfaces that are abnormal in the boundaries of the upper and lower lips. Labial Mucosa: a patient's mouth half open, the assessment performed on the labial mucosa and sulcus of vestibula maxillary and frenum and vestibular mandibular. Observe the color, texture, and the presence of abnormal swelling or other circumstances of the vestibular gingival and mucosa. The buccal mucosa: stretch the buccal mucosa. The value of the right side first and then the left side of the buccal mucosa is then shifted to the commissural labial anterior tonsillar fails and returns. Make a note of any changes of pigmentation, color, texture, mobility and other abnormal circumstances. It must be ensured that the komisura are not covered by the retractor when doing stretching from the cheek. The first carried out the examination of the buccal and labial gingival and bordering the alveolar gingival starts from the posterior maxillary alveolar and right on, then moves to the left around the corner of the posterior region. Proceed to the area posterior to the mandibular gingival and alveolar left and move around the corner of the right posterior.

Tongue: the tongue of the patient in a State of rest, and the mouth a little open in the State, observe the tongue dorsum part are encountered swelling, ulceration, membranes, or variations of size, color, or texture. Also given notes if there is a change in the shape of the surface of the tongue wraps papilla and do also checks the tip of the tongue. Then the patient is asked to stick his tongue out and carried out assessment of mobility and his position with the glass mouth, notice the area of the lateral edge of the right and left sides of the tongue. Hold the tip of the tongue with gauze and pulling the tongue out carefully and optimized, then do the inspection on the lateral edge of the posterior region of the tongue. The ventral surface of the examination then does. Palpation of the tongue to detect any abnormal state of things.

The base of the Mouth: the tongue is still in a State of raised, inspection of the ground state of the mouth with the notice a color change, texture, swelling, or other abnormal condition.

Palate: a mouth wide open in a State of patients and patient's head leaning forward, carefully press the base of the tongue with the glass mouth. First observe the ceiling hard then soft palate. Second, check your palate and lingual area as it has been done at the time of the inspection the face, starting from right to left of the palate (maxillary) and from left to right lingual (mandible). Perform checks on the whole palate and network oropharingeal. Palpation in bimanual basic areas of the mouth and the detection of the presence of the abnormal circumstances. The entire mucosal or facial tissue that seems abnormal must be dipalpasi.

Early Detection of Carcinomas of the Oral Cavity. It is very important to find cancers of the oral cavity as early as possible so that treatment can be done more successfully. Carcinoma of the oral cavity examination is conducted to find signs of cancer. Carcinoma of the oral cavity examination is painless and quick, just spend a few minutes. At the time of examination is the right opportunity to do an examination of Carcinoma of the oral cavity. Early detection of Carcinomas of the oral cavity is important due to the early detection can save lives. With the discovery of the oral cavity carcinoma in early and regular therapy, death due to carcinoma can be reduced drastically. As was mentioned above that the determination of the structure and cytology is the "Gold Standard" in finding the presence of abnormality in the oral cavity, then the role of Biopsy in early detection of a carcinoma of the oral cavity is very important, due to the ability of aspiration biopsy cytology in addition to distinguish benign tumor with malignant tumor, can also specify subtype in most tumors. Biopsy for the lesions-lesions on the oral cavity can be done in a way "Aspirasi Biospi Jarum Halus (SiBajah)" or by means of a biopsy using a Stiff-bristled Brush, a Punch Biopsy and also Pan Endoscopy. Do SiBajah very profitable from various aspects be it from the side of the patient and the clinical management, among others, the inspection is fast, simple, inexpensive, rapid diagnosis can prevent delays in treatment and also the opportunity find cancer as early as possible. In terms of clinical management action SiBajah greatly help clinicians in providing the treatment immediately and more accurate, for the surgeon can help in determining the schedule and choose the method of operation resulting in more effective and efficient.

Complications

Some of Leukoplakia is potentially to be Malignant. Dysplasia often appears as the best predictor of a potential for violence. As much as approximately 25% of leukoplakia on the first meeting is dysplastic.

Prognosis

Estimated incidence of violence varies from transformation of 3-33% over a period of 10 years. Chance of living 5 years in people with oral cancer that is localized is 81% compared to sufferers of metastatic cancer of the mouth that is already about 30% only. Preparation for early detection is started by communicating with patients concerning the use of tobacco or alcohol history; at once inform patients of the existence of a link between the use of tobacco and alcohol as a cancer risk factor the oral cavity. As much as approximately 30% of Leukoplakia may be regressive if bad habits are discontinued.

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Wednesday, September 12, 2018

Melanoma Malignant of the Oral Cavity

oral melanoma malignant

Oral Malignant Melanoma

Malignant Melanoma is actually rare in the oral cavity, only 1% of all melanoma. But the disease can be fatal. If had develop into advanced, malignancy or malignancy can be life threatening. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment is helpful to prevent the disease is to travel a more severe level.

What Truly Malignant Melanoma?

Melanoma is a skin cancer, which occurs in the pigment-producing cells of the skin, namely melanocytes. Under normal circumstances, the melanocytes are on the outer layer of the skin and produce the brown pigment melanin that is. There is the most number of melanocytes in the skin of the face. But melanoma can also arise in the oral cavity, called Oral Melanoma.

Melanoma occurs when melanocytes divide uncontrollably and invade other tissues (attack). If not cared for rush, melanoma can grow enters the skin tissue that eventually reach the blood vessels and lymph vessels, and spread throughout the body (metastasis). That's when melanomas can lead to death.

How do the Characteristics of Oral Malignant Melanoma?

Oral Melanoma (melanoma arising in the oral cavity) can be seen as the pigmentation, without pain or symptoms (asymptomatic), the brown pigmentation usually dark or black at area of intraoral (inside the mouth). The lesions normally arise in solitary or unit, but never also reported multiple lesions.

An example of the case as found and handled by Mustafa Goregen from Ataturk University, Turkey. His patient's wearing full upper jaw dentures for 20 years. Behind the teeth produced an enlarged lesions arise quickly, solitary, and painless.

The most common place is palate and Mucosa (soft tissues) in the upper jaw. Melanoma may metastasize to the mandible, tongue, and the inside of the cheek.

Characters that should be suspected when Melanoma arises on the skin are:

Asymmetry

The lesions usually are not symmetrical, where one side is not the same size and shape than the other side. Unlike moles that have not experienced violence, usually round in shape and symmetrical.

The boundary is not clear/irregular

The lesions are usually not obvious with the surrounding skin is unbounded, or uneven edges.

Color

Melanoma usually does not arise in one color, but rather a composite of several colors in some parts. For example one side colored bluish or brownish, blackish-colored on the other.

Diameter

Normal moles are not enlarged; however the size of the melanoma continues to grow. Added the size usually runs quickly.

What Causes the Onset of Oral Melanoma?

Until now, the cause is not yet known for sure. But there are factors that are often associated with melanoma, which can occur in any part of the skin. In between excessive sun exposure or the presence of history often sunburned, especially from now on. The risk of melanoma can also be inherited from parents. White skinned people more at risk exposed to this violence. So are people with lots of moles, totaling 50 more in the body, are more at risk of suffering from melanoma.

But melanoma also occur on parts of the body are not exposed to the Sun such as the oral cavity. Oral melanoma reported related to mechanical trauma (as reported in the above case). Mechanical trauma can be caused due to ill-fitting dentures. It also reported the existence of a relationship between oral malignant melanoma with cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption and irritation because oral appliance to another. Benign moles that can also be transformed into maligna (malignant).

Examination of supporting what it takes to help the diagnosis?

Diagnostic imaging technique such as x-ray, CT-Scan, MRI and positron emission tomography (PET scan) can be done to

It also needs to be biopsied tissue, where suspected cancer tissue was taken for examination under a microscope. After the diagnosis needs to be upheld, determined the extent to which melanoma is already penetrations into the network.

The deeper melanoma may have regarding blood vessels and lymph glands. Therefore also need to do a biopsy on lymph glands adjacent to the lesion.

What Care of Can be done?

Oral Melanoma can be cured with surgery, and in certain cases also can be done with radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy. But of course the success rates are higher when the treatment is carried out at an early stage.

Carefully inspection by dermatologist or doctor tremendously helps teeth to check for the presence of oral melanoma and melanoma early. Beware of changes in the body and check with your doctor immediately.


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Saturday, September 8, 2018

What's a Melanoma Malignant Skin Cancer

melanoma malignant

DEFINITION OF MELANOMA

Melanoma maligna is a type of neoplasia which malignant stems from cells that may form melanin everywhere part of the skin or eyes. Also derived from mucus membranes in the pubic area; oral cavity. This disease usually occurs on the adults in de novo or pigmented lentigo maligna nevus. Other definitions of maligna melanoma IE skin malignant tumor originating from the system melanocytic of the skin (melanocytes) to the image be blackish lesions on the skin. Usually causes extensive metastasis in a short time, not only through the flow of lymph to the regional, but also spread through the bloodstream to the tools in, and can cause death. This is a type of cancer of the skin is the most violent and potentially deadly. In America, obtained data on six of the seven died of this cancer sufferer. And the number of people has stricken with increased from year to year. Melanoma Maligna can develop from moles arising out of existing or emerging.

ETIOLOGY

The cause is not known for sure. Can arise from normal skin (de novo) nevus pigmentosus or derived from (junction nevus), melatonin Hutchinson's freckles are pigmented, giant nevus, blue nevus. The cause of the occurrence of skin cancer there are two, namely the cause from within the body as well as from outside the body. Many factors are thought to play a role in the onset of maligna melanoma including genetic factors (existing at birth), Sunshine (maligna melanoma often is associated with the cause of the skin against the Sun's light. For example, the melanoma tumor usually grown men on the back as well as with women, tumors grow on the back of the leg), and also the cause of carcinogens, factor phenotypes (blond hair, blue eyes, light skin like the kneeing on the person bright skinned at the same time, someone who is bright skinned and less pigmented has a high risk of melanoma tumor gets maligna. Generally, melanoma effect on parents, but on any teenager presents to be found), and the presence of potential precursor against melanoma. Other risk factors include namely the Atypical Mole Syndrome, Large Nevi Congenital Melanocytes. Lentigo maligna melanoma family history and the history of positive malignant

EPIDEMIOLOGY

The disease is spread all over the world. Correlation of the incidence of melanoma is usually the opposite of the latitude, i.e. insidennya higher on the area near the Equator and is lower progressively on a region nearer the poles. The disease is rare before puberty, but can be of all ages. The highest incidence in the age of 35-55 years. It can be about the men and women with equal frequency, but morbiditasnya is higher in men.

CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS

Early forms of very difficult to distinguish with the other tumors. Because melanoma is a fatal disease malignant when distant metastasis, then the ability to recognize early violence needs to be deepened. Localization in the lower extremities was reported, and then in the head/neck, body, extremities top, nails. The key invention malignant melanoma cure is early, so that a diagnosis of melanoma should be increased when the sufferers reported new pigmented lesions or moles that change, such as:
  1. Change in color
  2. Changes in size (especially rapid growth)
  3. The onset of the symptoms (itching, burning, or pain)
  4. Elevation occurred on previously flat lesions
  5. Changes on the surface of or changes in pigmented lesions consistency
  6. The development of satellite lesions

The American Academy of Dermatology stressed the importance of ABCD when evaluating any pigmented lesion, namely:
A = Asymmetry
B = Border irregularity
C = Color variegation
D = Diameter of more than 6 mm

The primary measure of melanoma malignant can be classified in four major types, namely:

1. Lentigo Melanoma Malign
LMM melanotic Hutchinson's also called precancerous freckles are or Dubreilh. Lentigo maligna lesions arise from who has been there before. LMM occupy approximately 5% of primary skin melanoma, primarily occurs in the elderly. Contrary to other melanoma, LMM substype on areas of the body that are exposed to sunlight, especially the face. Lentigo maligna lesions on the usually small colored patches of degeneration; dark brown; Brown or black. On the surface can be found the presence of pigmentation; spots scattered irregularly. The lesion extends vertically and along. Can develop into an invasive nodule blackish blue and somewhat hyperkeratosis

2. The Spreading Melanoma Malignant Surface
Generally arise from normal skin or nevus (de novo). It is the kind that is often encountered, which is about 70% of the entire melanoma malignant. More often found at a younger age compared to LMM, i.e. in the range 40-50 years. Lesions in the form of archiformis plaque measuring 0.5-3 cm long with its edges and along. On the surface there is a mixture of various colors like Brown, grey, blue, black, and often reddish, extends radials. In General after the lesion reaches the size of 1-2.5 cm, occur vertically growth phase and develop into nodules blackish blue. Predictions on the woman found in the lower limbs and backs, while in men the body and neck.

3. Nodular Melanoma Malignant
It can occur without radial growth phase preceded. So ABCD rule could not be applied to this subtype. Approximately 10-30% of cases of melanoma is a type of nodular. A place that often affected are the head, neck and body. The lesions are usually in the form of nodules that raises, Pigmented uniform. Its color ranges from dark brown to blackish-blue, or sometimes amelanotic.

4. Lentigo Maligna Melanoma Akral
Generally arising in normal skin (de novo). Is the type of the rarest (1%), but can be very violent due to the delay in diagnosis. Predictions on the soles of the feet and the hands, fingers and feet, the base of the nails, and mucous membrane. Lesions in the form of spots with pigment scattered with varying intensity. On the surface can arise papule, nodule, and can undergo ulceration.

Melanoma Histology

DIAGNOSIS

Cancer of the skin is different from other diseases, cancer of the skin or a skin disease can be seen directly with the eyes of the examiner. The methods of the examination can be done by anamnesis history of disease. And by the way did the mole surgically removed then observed under the microscope. From the mole surgically removed can be known of her type of cancer and stage of the cancer.

And can also be done with a laser diagnosis. Can capture three-dimensional images of the chemical changes and the structure that has been going on under the surface of human skin. See skin disorders are prominent on the size greater than 2.5 cm.

PATHOGENESIS

Normally, skin cells in the epidermis splits with regular and legs. New cells often reject the old cells to the outer surface of the skin where the old cells will die. This process is controlled by DNA. Skin cancer is valid because there is a disruption in this process in which the cell divides and forms a big growth.

COMPLICATIONS

Melanoma Malignant is a type of skin cancer which is the most malignant; it can spread to other bodies such as go to the lymphatic glands, causing hypertension, hypercholesterolemia.

THERAPY OR TREATMENT

The actions that are performed on patients with cancer melanoma maligna complete appointment this is the cancerous tissue with the surgery, has been known to occur when the spread of advanced operations needed to lift network the surroundings. For medicaments treatment with chemotherapy (anti-cancer drugs) that are grouped into several categories: alkylating agents, plant alkaloids, anti metabolite, antitumor antibiotics, enzymes, hormones and biological response modifiers. And treatment in nonmedikomentosa includes radiotherapy, surgery and physical therapy.

Division of therapy based on the stage of melanoma:

Stadium Clinic I Melanoma Maligna
To date method of surgery with wide excision is still a way of melanoma treatment. Handling on the lesion type ALM requires special measures more than other types, namely:
  • For the lesion located at the base of the nail (subungual melanoma) and finger the distal part of the hands or feet, do disarticulation metakarpal or metatarsal.
  • For lesions located in the fingers or toe proximal part, performed an amputation karpometakarpal or tarsometatarsal
  • For lesions on the palms of the hands or feet (palmar or plantar melanoma), extensive excision is done with the boundary edges of the excision are tailored to the anatomy and functions

Determination of optimal excision border and consideration of adoption of regional lymph glands as a prophylactic actions, especially depending on the type and location of melanoma malignant, the degree of invasion of Clark and depth (thickness) Breslow.

Stadium Clinic II Melanoma Maligna
Wide excision accompanied the adoption of regional lymph glands.

Stadium Clinic III Melanoma Maligna
Systemic Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy the best traditional agents namely Dacarbazine Triazeno Imidazole Carboxamide Dimethyl/(DTIC). Can be given individually or combined with other systemic medications Chemotherapy. Response to treatment with DTIC occurs in 20-25% of sufferers. Systemic Chemotherapy recommended is:
DTIC: 200-300 mg/m2 (intravenous) for 5 days, repeated every 3-4 week.
Nitrosourea: 200 mg/m2 single dose (oral), repeated every 6 weeks.
Or a combination of DTIC and nitrosourea.

Immunotherapy
BCG is a non-specific active immunotherapy, primarily used for the melanoma treatment metastasis to hold a malignant skin. Given intraregional and provide sufficient influence is beneficial. The results are uncertain, depending on the immune system.

Lately done immunotherapy adoptive, using leukaferesis to get the lymphocytes of cancer patients, then the cells were incubated with interleukin-2, to form the killer cells that enable limfokin (LAK), and then the cells LAK is infused back with the granting of interleukin-2.

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Wednesday, September 5, 2018

Prevention of Skin Cancer Melanoma

Melanoma Prevention

Prevention of Skin Cancer Melanoma. The best prevention is to avoid direct exposure of the skin to sunlight for a long time. This is particularly important for people who once suffered from melanoma or non-melanoma skin cancer more, to help prevent the reappearance of skin cancer that had already been lifted. Below are described some measures to prevent the skin from sun exposure.

Check the Condition of a Mole

Check your moles on your body if there are signs of melanoma. Consult physician if you see a change in form on the moles or spots on your body. If early diagnosis can be obtained, this will help in improving how the melanoma treatment works.

Avoid the Sun When at the Peak of the Hottest

At 10.00-14.00, Sun will be on top of the hottest. But at different times, the Sun can still feels very hot and has a damaging effect. During that hour, try to stay in the shade and covering yourself with the right clothes and wear sunscreen.

Dress Properly

If you are working outdoors and should be exposed to the Sun for long periods of time, use clothing that protects you from the Sun. Clothes that are meant here including long sleeve shirts, a hat to protect your face and scalp, and goggles to protect your eyes.

Use Sunscreen

It is recommended to wear a sunscreen with SPF (Sun-protective factors) of at least 15. Make sure the sunscreen suitable for your skin type and could obstruct the radiation ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB).

The use of sunscreen is recommended do 15 minutes before You are exposed to sunlight and smeared again every two hours. If you want to spend time in the water, use sunscreen that is water resistant and apply repeated regularly.

Before the activity outdoors during the day, make sure your children wear appropriate clothing and wear hats and sunscreen with a high SPF. Try looking for better protection of infants and children because their skin is more sensitive than the skin of adults. If too often exposed to sunlight, skin cancer can probably appear when they grow up.

Try to let the skin not burnt by the Sun. If it occurs frequently, the skin already affected by ultraviolet radiation. The possibility of the occurrence of cancer in the future will ride along the skin exposed to radiation.

Avoid Artificial Ultraviolet Light

Artificial ultraviolet light can be more dangerous than natural ultraviolet rays coming from the Sun. Because UV light radiation source using artificial ultraviolet light are concentrated. This UV light radiation can increase the risk of the development of melanoma maligna.


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